Fardella is one of the most beautiful towns in Lagonegrese ...
"Fardella is one of the most beautiful towns in Lagonegrese" was written in New York in 1912. A little over a hundred years later, Fardella still offers to those who choose it: its hills raised towards Pollino, its fruit-bearing countryside, its shady woods, its thousand hidden springs of icy water, its ancient flavours and aromas, its alleys, its portals, its varied and always surprising territory, a backbone between the valleys of the Sinni and Serrapotamo rivers.
Here we find paths through untouched and untouched woods that cover the hills of the Serre, the Manche, the Belvedere of Serra Cerrosa, a natural theatre that naturally slopes down to the Sinni and that looks towards the peaks of the Pollino, the hairpin bends called "Gironi di Episcopia". Barbattavio Park, now named after Dr. Angelo Guarino, with its sports facilities, an inhabited center concentrated in its narrow streets and stairways that wind from the Mother Church, dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua, the palaces of local lords, the villas of the twentieth century, the typical peasant houses.
A bundle of hermits and saints: from the hermit S. Onofrio to Blessed Giovanni da Caramola; a land of religious traditions, the right expression of a people that has always had faith; a land of immigrants first and then emigrants, men and women, families, who left in the hope of better economic conditions; a land of agriculture and flavours, of typical products and authentic dishes accompanied by good local red wine and precious spices; a land of "raskatielli", whose mixture with legume flour can only surprise the palate, once a peasant dish and now the protagonist of the most famous festival of August 18. A land of hospitality and tranquillity, where modernity has not affected the taste of the ancient and now accessible to all.
THE FLORA PRESENT IN THE TERRITORY
The municipal territory of Fardella has a wide range of natural environments, where there are countless plant species, diversified into altitudinal bands, and where you can find real rarities for the Lucanian and National territory, such as the Heptaptera Angustifolia (Basilisk lucano, rarest element of the Lucanian flora), the Quercus Calliprinos (Oak thorny commonly called Oak of Palestine, in Italy present only in Basilicata, Puglia and Sicily).
At lower altitudes, the highest expression is given by the evergreen Mediterranean woodlands and shrubs consisting of sclerophylls dominated by holm oak (Quercus ilex); this is the climate of the Quercion ilicis, given by the whole of several species such as the Strawberry tree (Arbutus nendo), the Flemish Clematid, commonly called flame (Clematis flammula), the Laurotino (viburnum tinus), the Rose of St. John (Rosa supervirens), the Great Asplenio (Asplenium onopteris), the Common Honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium), the Spring Cyclamen (Cyclamen repandum).
At higher altitudes there is a unique and complex area of vegetation in which the Oak (Quercus pubescens) becomes increasingly dominant. In particular, over 800 m above sea level (Serra Cerrosa), in addition to the Roverella, there are high varieties of oaks such as the Cerro (Quercus cerris), the Farnetto (Quercus frainetto), but also the Eastern Hornbeam (Carpinus orientalis), the Maple (Acer obtusatum) and the Chestnut (Castanea sativa).
Almost everywhere you will find Mediterranean scrub with the presence of Holm-oak (Quercus ilex), Lentisque (Pistacia lentiscus), Juniperus (Juniperus communis- oxycedrus- phoenicea), Myrtle (Myrtus communis), Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo), Oak (Quercus pubescens), Maple minor (Acer monspessulanum) and Common broom (Spartium junceum).
GALLERY LA FLORA
THE FAUNA PRESENT IN THE TERRITORY
In the municipal area of Fardella, the fauna has found a natural habitat, inviolate and protected. Walking in the woods it is easy to meet hares, foxes, beech martens, martens, deer and roe deer, but also wild boars, black woodpeckers, glimpse the flight of some rare royal kite and, more in the past than today, glimpse some small splendid Bupestre and Rosalia alpina, which are part of the family of beetles and species in Directive 92/43/EEC, called the "Habitats" Directive, which with the Birds Directive constitute the heart of EU policy on biodiversity conservation.
Grande predatore della famiglia dei feldeggii è lungo 38–49 cm con coda di 12–15 cm ed apertura alare di 90–115 cm.
Il picchio nero è un uccello appartenente alla famiglia Picida; è il più grande dei picchi europei, è lungo quasi 50 cm
Il Nibbio reale fa parte della famiglia degli Accipitridi. È un rapace lungo oltre 60 cm per un’apertura alare che può raggiungere i 160cm.
Chiamato volgarmente cerambice del faggio, la Rosalia alpina è un coleottero della famiglia Cerambycidae
La Bupestre splendide, appartenente alla famiglia dei Buprestidi, una vastissima categoria di insetti, noti come coleotteri-gioiello